Periodontal Disease is the later stages of gum disease. This is when the bacteria infection under the gums progresses deeper and affects the bone and tissue supporting the tooth. The main risk factors are smoking and bad oral hygiene.
Your gums will:
- Bleed when brushing or using inter-dental brushes.
- Will be red, swollen and tender.
- The gum will have pulled away from the tooth, this is called ‘Pocketing’.
- Pus may be seen in the pockets around the tooth.
- You may have bad breath also known as halitosis.
The infection damages the tissue that connects the gum to the roots of the tooth. Once the tissue has been destroyed the gum pulls away from the tooth, this forms a pocket which bacteria thrive in. If not treated, in time the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw will dissolve, making the teeth loose and eventually the teeth will fall out.
Periodontal disease is irreversible, meaning once the damage is done it can not be repaired. The good news is you can slow down it’s progression by regular visits to the Dentist and Hygienist and by also improving your oral hygiene at home.